featured artist


Release date: 1970 (1993)
Label: Mercury Records

Exuma, The Obeah Man
Mama Loi, Papa Loi
Seance In the Sixth Fret
You Don't Know What's Going On
The Vision



Release date: 1970
Label: Mercury Records


1. Damn Fool
2. Paul Simon Nontooth
3. Fire In The Hole
4. A Place Called Earth
5. We Got To Go
6. African Rhythm
7. Zandoo



Release date: Kama Sutra
Label: 1971
(CD Castle - 1993)


1. Da Wah Nanny
2. Silver City
3. Eyebrows And Beard
4. She Look So Fine
5. Roweena
6. The Bowery
7. 22nd Century
8. DoWah Nanny (Part 2)



Release date: 1972
Label: Nassau Records (Kama Sutra)
(CD Castle - 1993)


01.Brown Girl
02. Monk berry Moon Delight
03. Metastophalese
04. Obeah Man Come Back
05. Baby, Let Me In
06. Pay Me What You Owe Me
07. Empty Barrels
08. Walking Home
09. Rushing Through The Crowd
10. Ballad For Sammy
11. Exuma's Reincarnation



Release date: 1972
Label: Kama Sutra


01. Obeah, Obeah, O
02. Snake
03. Don't Let Go
04. Attica, Part I
05. Thirteenth Sunday
06. Subway Bound For Hell
07. Happiness And Sunshine
08. Summertime In New York
09. Andros Is Atlantis Rising
10. Exuma's Reincarnation



From Africa To America To Junkanoo To Armageddon
Release date: 1976
Label: Inagua Records


01. Black Hawk
02. Soul Conga-Line
03. Pretty Woman
04. Give A Little bit Of Your Love
05. Joanna
06. Junkanoo
07. Inita
08. Shake It Up
09. Africa
10. Beware
11. Armageddon



Release date: 1982
Label: Cat Island Records


01. Guy Fawkes
02. Fame In The Name Of The Game
03. Roller Reggae
04. Rose Mary Smith
05. Cat Island Rake & Scrape Band
06. Get It (Good Feeling)
07. Super Star Who Do You THink You Are?
08. Alowis Plant (Aloe Plant)
09. Maasai
10. Praise Jesus Tonight



Release date: 1987
Label: Nassau Records


1. Rude Boy
2. Clean On The Outside Dirty On The Inside
3. They Coming "Junkanoo"
4. Shirlene
5. Dready
6. Fishing On The Rock
7. St. James Road Slim
8. Soca Bite Me On My Belly
9. Bam Bam



Release date: 1970 (1993)
Label: Mercury Records

Exuma, The Obeah Man
Mama Loi, Papa Loi
Seance In the Sixth Fret
You Don't Know What's Going On
The Vision



The music of Exuma had an energy that was very explosive. His sense of rhythmic accuracy was similar to that of a junkanoo band getting a fresh start at the annual junkanoo parades on Boxing Day Bay Street. For those who never experienced this; the equivalent would probably that of a locomotive train at full throttle. In listening to Exuma, even his ballads like "Rose Mary Smith" poured out pure energy. He had a way with grabbing his audience and making them feel his joy or his pain. While "Rose Mary Smith" is strictly influenced by American popular music of the sixties and seventies, others like "Cat Island Rake & Scrape Band" is what we call in the Bahamas pure “bush". Exuma also did something quite different with his bass line which along with the drums lies at the heart of his brand of Bahamian music. The placement of the bass phrase starting on beats one was quite new. Even in junkanoo, the bass line or strong beat would be preceded by a softer accented note on the up beat of two. The examples below shows what is typical, and what is used by Exuma.


Example #1.

Junkanoo bass line places the strong emphasis on beat one, but is preceded by a note in the previous measure.

Example #2.

Exuma doesn't prepare the note on the strong beat, instead he makes it lead into the first of the chord which in turn propels the rhythm forward as opposed to the feeling of resting on beats one in the junkanoo rhythm.

The music clip below demonstrates the use of this unique displacement of the bass line. Exuma uses this technique quite frequently in his music, creating a distinctive groove that makes great for dancing to rake 'n' scrape music.

Click play to hear "Guy Fox"

The influence of rock and pop is very strong in this next clip. Exuma marriages these outside influences with a calypso/ junkanoo rhythm, giving it a bouncing feeling. The guitar styling's and use of brass gives his music the seventies R&B flavor similar to groups like "Earth, Wind & Fire", "Tower of Power", "Brass Construction", and many other popular bands of that era.

Click play to hear "Fame"

Blues did not escape the powers of "The Obeah Man". Exuma had a little bit for every pallet. Here he does his rendition of Bahama Blues. The emotions commonly associated with the blues is well executed by this Cat Islander. One quality that stands out is his use of the raw Bahamian dialect, seldom adhered to by artist with such a wide audience.

Click play to hear "Rose Mary Smith"

Exuma, The Obeah Man/Junkanoo (Mercury)
Damn Fool/Zandoo (Mercury)
Do Wah Nanny/The Bowery (Kama Sutra)
Monkberry Moon Delight (Kama Sutra)
Brown Girl/Rushing Through the Crowd (Buddah)